This article authored by a PCA pastor completely misrepresents the position of Two-Kingdom advocates, especially those within his own Reformed circles. Most of the Two Kingdom advocates in Reformed circles are actually Kuyperians and his criticisms are invalid. He falls into the classic straw-man argument, projecting 'dualism' on to people who aren't dualists. He accuses Two Kingdom theology of a world-abandonment mindset that no one actually advocates.
His handling of Scripture is dubious. Many of these folks are exegetical contortionists. They pull of some amazing maneuvers and manage to get Scripture to somehow say the exact opposite of what's being posited. Somehow Paul is trying to tell the Philippians to focus on earthly things which pass away? I don't think so.
The point is to focus on heaven, lay up our treasures there for it is in the Celestial Glory that we find hope and solace. This perfectly accords with the teaching found in the Sermon on the Mount and the rest of the New Testament.
It is because our citizenship (and conversation) is in heaven that we can turn away from the struggles for worldly power, success and/or victory as defined by the world. We are called to set our minds on heavenly things. Somehow that's translated into conquer the culture in the name of heaven.
It's moot anyway as Ball would learn if he bothered to read and absorb the rest of the New Testament. The Church is on no path toward cultural victory. We are a remnant headed through the narrow gate. Worldly power and cultural attainments aren't even in the cards. They are nowhere on the horizon. The historical manifestation of Christendom should not be a cause for celebration. Rather it should send up red flags and sound a call of warning.
Vigilance and wisdom are how we think about the next generation of believers. We try to learn from the past and posture ourselves in a better position, prepared for the world's deceptions and onslaught. Ball's views so confuse the world with the Kingdom that the Church is left ill-prepared and is quickly seduced by the world's enticements. It succumbs to its false-glory and lies. History testifies to this in abundance. Even recent history in the United States makes this painfully clear.
It is not Two Kingdom theology which fails to take the covenant into account. Rather it is the very theology while Ball advocates. It is his model which confuses the world with the Church and blends the covenant with the culture. It is truly a theology of sacrilege. They would in good Judaizing fashion apply Old Testament law to the non-covenanted nations. This contradicts not only the New Testament's read of the Old, but even how Old Testament Israel and the Mosaic order were to relate to the other nations around them. The Philistines and Babylonians could build no temple, keep no Sabbath and even if they patterned their civil code on the Law of Moses, it was not covenantal. It would have been a counterfeit. They had no right to take the Lord's name on their lips. Such 'worship' if it had been attempted was abomination.
The Philippians passage puts out no hope for the transformation of this age, for any aspirations of cultural influence, let alone power. Hebrews makes it clear the Mosaic model is obsolete and annulled. The calling for Christians is to bear witness and to 'win' by taking up the cross and suffering humiliation. This message, so basic to the New Testament is not understood by the Dominionist faction. In fact they are quite hostile to the teaching of the Apostles as Ball makes clear.
Ironically it is Ball who promotes the theology that more or less resonates with what the Apostle is rebuking! It is the Judaized focus on worldly power, an attempt to build a temporal tactile kingdom in this age that is being rejected by the Apostle. Dominionism's glory is its shame. Focusing on earthly things, the emphasis of their so-called spirituality is worldly success, power and influence. The Philippians were dealing with the same Judeo-Hellenistic heresy that plagues much of the New Testament. Its modern manifestation is found most poignantly in the theology of Dominion, the default theological position of most people in the Reformed and Evangelical world. It finds its fulfillment in the very imagery of Revelation, the Apostate unfaithful Bride transformed into a Harlot, in union not with Christ, but a whore in league with the Beast powers of the world. The Christendom Ball dreams of is the nightmare envisioned by John.
Larry Ball should stick with being a CPA, it's his true calling and vocation. He can build his pathetic pseudo-kingdom crunching numbers and helping people find tax loopholes.
We grow tired of these silly and baseless attacks.