The Turkish intelligence agency, the MIT is hunting down Kurdish dissidents affiliated with the PKK, Gülenists and others beyond its borders. Germany with it large Turkish population, which includes numerous Kurds is the special focus of the operation. Germany was a nation without colonies and thus when it looked for cheap labour, it couldn't import Africans, Indians or other Asians. Instead a deal was cut.
In the early 1960s, Turkey was the newest and poorest member of NATO and looking for a means to generate income via remittances, money sent home from expatriate workers. Germany faced with a labour shortage initiated Gastarbeiter (Guest worker) programmes with various nations but Turkey in particular became a chief source. The programme officially ended in the early 1970s but many Turks remained, grew their families and brought over additional loved ones. Many of them have integrated and not a few serve a mercantile/mediator function between EU and Turkish business interests.
This is where things get foggy. Turkey's MIT utilises some of these people to spy on the West and also to spy on expatriate Turks and Kurds. But of course what the DW story utterly fails to report is that this goes both ways. These same Turkish Germans are also recruited by Western intelligence agencies to represent their interests in Turkey and in some cases to infiltrate its government apparatus.
The most famous and documented instance of this is with reference to the notorious Abdullah Çatli who as a principal within the Grey Wolves organised the assassination attempt on Pope John Paul II in 1981. There are clear BND (German intelligence) connections and the operation was paid for in Deutsche Marks. The plan it is believed was hatched among the Grey Wolves operating in Turkey. Clearly it was a BND/CIA plan all along. They have a long history working with the MIT-connected fascist paramilitaries who are essential to understanding the Turkish Deep State.
Why they wanted John Paul II dead, the very man who they (Western strategists) had worked to bring into the papacy, is another story but one equally fascinating.
What the Le Monde piece fails to mention is that the CIA is hovering in the background of everything they're writing about. Çatli the smuggler and drug runner, the Grey Wolves and the MIT are all connected to the BND and the puppetmasters at the CIA.
While the Grey Wolves are still very much in the picture the primary vehicle for contemporary Western intrigues vis-à-vis Ankara is through the Gülen Movement.
If one wishes to 'connect the dots' as it were, the BND-Grey Wolf connections are established. The Grey Wolves operate from Europe, to the Middle East, Central Asia and even into the Far East. Committed to Pan-Turkism they represent many parallel beliefs to the Islamicised Pan-Turkism being promoted by Gülen's Hizmet movement. Gulen is clearly being backed by the United States and has worked in concert with its intelligence agencies. His organisations have been accused by more than one government of being CIA fronts.
The Gülen Movement has infiltrated the Turkish state and runs parallel to old established Pentagon ties with the Turkish military. The MIT, the Turkish intelligence service is clearly divided between forces loyal to Erdogan and Gülen as recent scandals have demonstrated.
The point is, that there's a long established history of connections between the CIA/BND and elements within Turkish intelligence, MIT-run paramilitaries such as the Grey Wolves and CIA/MIT connected figures in the Turkish underworld. Gülen, also clearly connected to Washington and in particular Langley seems to be playing a part in this complicated tale. The large Turkish expatriate community in Germany has always played a part in this story.
We could also say more about the CIA/BND connections to the Syrian War, the role that Turks, Kurds, the Turkish State and Turkmen paramilitaries have played in it. There are also questions and connections with regard to weapons smuggling and certainly some of the terrorist activities within both Turkey and Europe.
It's complicated and I doubt anyone can really disentangle the mess, but DW's reporting on this story while accurate on one level, at the same time completely misrepresents the nature and context of the question. It's a classic case of Establishment media spin. Having viewed Western Establishment media outlets like DW, BBC, France 24, NPR and others for some time they clearly have an agenda when it comes to covering the NATO confrontation with Russia, the Syrian Civil War and certainly the Erdogan government in Turkey. In every case their coverage perfectly echoes official proclamations and policy flowing out of Berlin, London, Paris and Northern Virginia.